Drug control and development in the Wa region of the Shan State project document

Cover of: Drug control and development in the Wa region of the Shan State |

Published by UNDCP Regional Centre in Bangkok .

Written in English

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Edition Notes

Book details

StatementUnited Nations International Drug Control Programme.
ContributionsUnited Nations International Drug Control Programme.
LC ClassificationsMLCM 98/00162 (H)
The Physical Object
Pagination87 p., [2] leaves of plates :
Number of Pages87
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL524682M
LC Control Number98949441

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Shan State is the unitary successor state to the Burmese Shan States, the princely states that were under some degree of control of the Irrawaddy valley-based Burmese kingdoms. Historical Maw-Shan states extended well beyond the Burmese Shan States, ranging from full-fledged kingdoms of Assam in the northwest to Lan Xang in the east, to Lan Na and Ayutthaya in the Capital: Taunggyi.

The Wa people (Wa: Vāx; Burmese: ဝလူမျိုး, [wa̰ lùmjóʊ]; Chinese: 佤 族; pinyin: Wǎzú; Thai: ว้า) are an ethnic group that lives mainly in Northern Myanmar, in the northern part of Shan State and the eastern part of Kachin State, near and along Burma's border with China, as well as in Yunnan, China.

Historically the Wa have inhabited the Wa States, a territory China ∟Yunnan:Description: "Myanmar authorities seized large amount of narcotic drugs including kilograms of heroin, 8 kilograms of opium andstimulant tablets in Shan State, a release from the Central Committee for Drug Abuse Control (CCDAC) said on Monday.

Acting on a tip-off, an anti-drug squad stopped and searched a car that was travelling from Mongmit to Mabein Township. A sword of Damocles is hanging over the Shan state. The United Wa State Army (UWSA), with its estimated twenty thousand soldiers and the largest of the cease-fire groups in Burma, has committed itself to a regional wide ban on opium to be implemented in June The Wa leaders refer to their region as the Wa State, to the dismay of Burmese authorities who have long resisted the idea that the Wa was a sovereign “state” or province, but was, instead, merely a special region.¹ There are other special regions in the Shan State, Drug control and development in the Wa region of the Shan State book the Myanmar Shan State No.

1 Special Region (Kokang government. [17] “Life in Wa Hills: Towards Sustainable Development.” [18] Ronald D. Renard et al., “Terminal Evaluation Report: Drug Control and Development in the Wa Region of Shan State,” (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, ).

» Drugs by State and Division» Shan Drug Watch Newsletter; Shan Drug Watch Newsletter. expand all. collapse all. Individual Documents. Title: Makeshift centre helps drug addicts kick habit in Shan.

Sub-title: It was utterly senseless, calling it Yangon Village Centre when it’s hundreds of miles away from the country’s economic capital. Ko-Lin Chin book on the golden Triangle is one of those, you think you have figured it out, but you really havent kind of books. As the title makes clear it is a book on the drug trade in south-East Asia but that is not really true, the book is 9/10 on the Wa state (northern and southern both autonomous zones in Myanmar) its inhabitants and leaders part of the united Wa State army /5.

And according to a report released in March by the United Nations Office of Drug Control, or UNODC, seizures of methamphetamine in the region went from more than 82 tons in to tons by the. The Lahu National Development Organisation, works for welfare of Lahu people in Myanmar, in October exposed Myanmar army's reliance on drug trade to subsidise its operation in Shan.

Get this from a library. The Golden Triangle: inside Southeast Asia's drug trade. [Ko-lin Chin] -- "The Golden Triangle region that joins Burma, Thailand, and Laos is one of the global centers of opiate and methamphetamine production.

Opportunistic Chinese businessmen and leaders of various armed. The Golden Triangle: Inside Southeast Asia's Drug Trade: By Ko-Lin Chin Northeast Shan state (Myanmar or Burma), Lao and value to the discussion of drug control later in the book.

A subsequent ceasefire pact with the Myanmar government left the Wa to themselves, setting up a special self-administered region under the control of the United Wa State Army (UWSA). Led by U Pauk Yu Chan, commander-in-chief of the UWSA, the Wa set up their own government, justice system, police force, prison system, tax department, banks.

The U.S. government encourages responsible investment in Burma as part of an overall strategy to encourage economic growth and improve the standard of living for the people of Burma, while reducing the role of the military in the economy.

The United States plays a leading role by enhancing human capacity and promoting global standards. The Shan State East Tatmadaw commander’s statement that “The Wa need to either surrender or become a local militia force under the Defense Services,” highlights some interesting parallels between 1) the current efforts of the SPDC to subsume at least some of the disparate ceasefire groups within the larger Tatmadaw and 2) the situation in central Burma in.

Shan State is home to a number of armed ethnic armies, including the Shan State Army-South (SSA-South), fighting against the Myanmar Army. The most recent ceasefire agreement between the SSA-South and the Government, signed in Decemberbroke down in Februaryas fighting broke out in areas across Shan State.

The Wa live in Shan state near the Chinese border. Along the Chinese border (Kachin and Shan states) the UWSA is a major factor and the Burmese army tends to respect UWSA military capabilities.

Half the tribal militiamen in the far north belong to the UWSA, which has o armed men operating along the Chinese border. Drug syndicates are consolidating their operations in border areas and areas with weaker governance, including the north of Shan State in Myanmar and the Wa Self-Administered Division.

They’ve also re-routed drug trafficking corridors, sending shipments via Laos to Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam or to southern Myanmar and then on to southern.

The Shan State Army, which made peace with the government incame under attack shortly afterwards. The common denominator in all these talks and maneuvers, including those of today, is that the government and the military have either demanded surrender followed by “rehabilitation,” or, failing that, attempted to corrupt them by.

The Wa and Kachin have large, well-equipped armies and administrations akin to the small kingdoms that existed in Asia before European colonial powers introduced the concept of the nation-state. The Shang religion and state power were closely connected; state power was consolidated through a sense of reverence for royal Shang ancestors.

Further, by the end of the Shang dynasty, the king was the only one who could interpret the oracle bones, thereby making him the head shaman. 20 ^{20} 2 0 start superscript, 20, end superscript. In the Kokang region, an opium ban was enforced inand since mid no more poppy growing has been allowed in the Wa region.

Banning opium in these Shan State regions where most of the Burmese opiates were produced, adds another chapter to the long and dramatic history of drugs, conflict and human suffering.

William French Smith, "Drug Traffic Today—Challenge and Response: Excerpts from a report [sic] to the President's Cabinet Council on Legal Policy, Ma ," Drug Enforcement 9 (Summer ), ; Michael Hanchard, "New Varieties of Heroin Showing Up More In State," Hartford Courant, June 9,C1; "Special Report: Black Tar Heroin Cited by: Thailand has also provided a grant for a crop substitution project in the Wa-controlled regions of southern Shan State.

In addition, Burma participated actively in a series of quadrilateral meetings (China, Burma, Laos, and Thailand) on narcotics control that were held in Thailand, Burma, and China in late and early Aims & Scope Current Pharmaceutical Design publishes timely in-depth reviews and research articles from leading pharmaceutical researchers in the field, covering all aspects of current research in rational drug design.

Each issue is devoted to a single major therapeutic area guest edited by an acknowledged authority in the field. Each thematic issue of Current. The Shan State Progressive Party (SSPP) accused the Restoration Council of Shan State (RCSS) of shooting at a building where they mistakenly thought soldiers from the SSPP were staying.

It turned out the house was not occupied by soldiers of the SSPP, but rather a civilian family who received the brunt of the attack. "The strength of Kramer's book is that it is based on first-hand interviews with actors in the field. The weakness is that he tends to take what people like the UWSP's leaders, and Col Hkam Awng, say at face value.

is the most comprehensive and authoritative review of the Wa Region's intricate political dynamics and local ways of life, ever. Among these was the United Wa State Army (UWSA), one of Southeast Asia's largest drug-producing entities which continues to manufacture methamphetamine and heroin free of pressure from the Myanmar.

The rebel group once controlled swathes of Burma's Shan State, in the notorious Golden Triangle, but has seen its territory shrink to four. Myanmar (English pronunciation below; Burmese: မြန်မာ,) or Burma (see §Etymology), officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, is a country in Southeast r is bordered by Bangladesh and India to its northwest, China to its northeast, Laos and Thailand to its east and southeast, and the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal to its south and g code: + Political conditions.

Myanmar, formerly called Burma, was a monarchy which was ruled by various dynasties prior to the 19th century. The British colonized Burma (Myanmar) in the late 19th century, and it was part of British India until Burma (Myanmar) was ruled as a British colony from until InHso Ten, the head of the Shan State Army (SSA), was detained and given an unreasonable year jail sentence for attempting to form a “Shan State Academics Consultative Council.” Later on units from Shan State National Army (SSNA) and the Palaung State Liberation Army (PSLA) were forced to surrender.

The deadly animal-borne coronavirus spreading globally may have originated in a laboratory in the city of Wuhan linked to China's covert biological weapons program, said an Israeli biological. At present, Myanmar accounts for almost 90 per cent of world’s heroin production.

Burmese poppy cultivation has traditionally been limited to several remote mountainous regions in the country’s north and east; the major areas include the Kokang hills of Shan state, the Eastern Shan hills, the Wa hill area and the Kachin state.

The Highest Drug Use in The Shuttle. World Census experts sampled many cakes of dubious content to determine which nations' citizens consume the most recreational drugs.

As a region, The Shuttle is ranked 9, th in the world for Highest Drug Use. Nation WA Category Motto; 1. The Fallen Kingdom of Apraile: Father Knows Best State. Amid the manufacture of meth in the Shan state, there is also an ethnic struggle for land, a good poppy-growing climate and little law enforcement.

The UWSA (United Wa State Army), one of the leading ethnic factions in the region, is accused of funding their armed struggle against Myanmar’s government with their huge profits from meth Author: Tim Newton. To pilot IFPEOC's programs, we chose thepeople in the Wa State* of northeast Myanmar for their clear resolve to free themselves of opium production.

The Wa leadership has officially pledged to eliminate all opium production within their territory by the yearand we are dedicated to helping them achieve this goal. Recently, I was asked to give a short account on the end of the Union State and Development Party-Military (USDP-Military) era headed by.

The Wa, Kachins, Arakan Army and others have not signed the NCA. The two largest signatory groups, the RCSS and the KNU suspended their participation in the peace process in Myanmar is still a territory where many authorities coexist, without working together to resolve one of its most pressing challenges according to historian Thant.

Return to Table of Contents. Geography. Area:square km. Burma, officially the Union of Myanmar, occupies a large area of Southeastern Asia by the Indian Ocean and borders China, Laos, Thailand, Bangladesh, and India. The southwest monsoon occurs from June to September, whereas the northeast monsoon lasts from December to April.

Milder temperatures and less. forces. They became a state within the state and eventually gobbled up the state. On March 2,the supreme commander, Gen. Ne Win, seized power. He immediately detained all former state leaders, abolished the old federal constitution, and set up a Revolutionary Council that ruled by decree.

Burma’s experiment with democracy was over.Amphetamine Drugs on The Pacific Rim. By Philip Jenkins. While all recent studies of crime and justice issues pay due attention to the significance of illegal drugs in shaping public policy, I would argue that we do not necessarily make rational choices in selecting the particular drugs to which we pay most attention.

Burma Democracy and Dictatorship. Bertil Lintner. The triumphant tour of Europe by Burmese pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi has been a boost to the forces for change in a country that came under iron-fisted military rule half a century ago.

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